FOCUS: U.S. Supreme Court Looks to Medieval England in Gun Case

FOCUS: U.S. Supreme Court Looks to Medieval England in Gun Case

The U.S. Supreme Court is preparing to decide whether the 2nd Amendment gives Americans a right to carry a loaded gun when they leave home — and for an answer, some justices are looking back to the England of 1328. At issue is the meaning of the “right to keep and bear arms” that was added to the U.S. Constitution in 1791 and expanded by the high court in 2008. In a dispute to be argued Wednesday, a newly strengthened conservative Supreme Court majority will have an opportunity to go even further in broadening the rights of gun owners. The late Justice Antonin Scalia sent the Court on a search through history when he wrote the first opinion upholding an individual’s right to be armed. Until then, the 2nd Amendment had been interpreted by the Court as applying to the states’ right to establish a “well-regulated militia,” rather than to an individual’s right to own guns. But Scalia, who died in 2016, successfully argued for interpreting the Constitution based on what he viewed as the original understanding of its terms. He said the 2nd Amendment “codifies a preexisting right” that was brought from England to the American colonies. “By the time of the founding” of this country, he wrote in District of Columbia vs. Heller , “the right to have arms had become fundamental for English subjects.” That 5-4 decision struck down an unusually strict gun-control ordinance in Washington D.C., and held that law-abiding residents had a right to […]

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